Shiraz city, the city of poetry, gardens, wine, and nightingales, is located in the southwest of Iran. Because of its geographical location, Shiraz enjoys a moderate climate most time of the year but it can get hot during the summer.
The capital of Fars province, Shiraz, is built in a green plain at the foot of the Zagros Mountains. With about a million and a half people, Shiraz is the fifth most populous city in Iran. The city of flowers shares borders with Isfahan province, Yazd province, Kerman province, Hormozgan province, Kohkiluye-va-bouyerahmad province, and Boushehr province.
The earliest reference to Shiraz city dates back to 2000 BC in Elamite dynasty when it was called Tiraziš. The city became the capital of Persia during the Ale-inju and Ale-mozaffar dynasties. Shiraz was known as the city of scientists and artists during 13th and 14th mainly because of works of Saadi, Hafez, and Ruzbehan. By becoming the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1800, Shiraz favored a development both in its buildings and architecture. Karim Khan, the ruler of Zand dynasty, built majestic buildings namely Vakil Bazar, Vakil Mosque, Vakil Bathhouse, and Karim Khani Citadel. Today much attention is given to the restoration of the monuments and gardens so that tourists can enjoy visiting the historical places.
Best season to visit Shiraz:
The best season to visit Shiraz is spring when the trees are at full blossom and the weather is nice and occasionally rainy and the scent of the bitter trees’ blossoms is in the air. Thanks to its geographical location and mild weather, Shiraz has so many extraordinary and eye-catching gardens namely Eram Garden, Delgosha Garden, Jahan Nama Garden, Dokuhak Garden and etc. The remaining monuments in Shiraz are considered as the main tourist attraction sites picturing Shiraz’s history and culture. Monuments like Persepolis, Hafez Tomb, Saadi Tomb, and Vakil Bazaar. There are also some religious sites in the city of literature worth seeing such as Vakil Mosque and Nasir-al-molk Mosque which mesmerize their visitors by their colorful architecture and their relaxing and sacred environment.